Skeletal Editing Approach to Bridge-Functionalized Bicyclo[1.1.1]pentanes from Aza-Bicyclo[2.1.1]hexanes

    Brandon A. Wright1, Anastassia Matviitsuk2, Michael J. Black1, Pablo García-Reynaga2, Luke E. Hanna2, Aaron T. Herrmann2, Michael K. Ameriks2, Richmond Sarpong1, Terry P. Lebold2

    • 1Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, United States
    • 2Janssen Research and Development, San Diego, California 92121, United States

    The ability to rapidly navigate a wide diversity of chemical space from simple building blocks is a cornerstone of medicinal chemistry campaigns. Aza-bicyclo[2.1.1]hexane (aza-BCH) and bicyclo[1.1.1]pentane (BCP) scaffolds have recently emerged as attractive classes of sp3-rich cores for replacing flat, aromatic scaffolds with metabolically resistant, three-dimensional frameworks. Over the last decade, these pharmaceutically desirable properties and increased synthetic accessibility have led to a marked increase in the adoption of aza-BCHs and BCPs into drug scaffolds. While multiple, independent methods have been developed for the preparation of these structural motifs, strategies to directly convert, or scaffold hop, between these bioisosteric subclasses through single-atom skeletal editing would enable efficient interpolation within this valuable chemical space. Herein, we describe a strategy to scaffold hop between aza-BCH and BCP cores through a nitrogen-deleting skeletal edit. Photochemical [2+2] cycloadditions, used to prepare multifunctionalized aza-BCH frameworks, are coupled with a subsequent deamination step to afford bridge-functionalized BCPs, for which few synthetic solutions currently exist. The modular sequence provides access to various privileged bridged bicycles of pharmaceutical relevance bearing substituents that can be further derivatized.

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