Highly efficient dehydration of carbohydrates to 5-(chloromethyl)furfural (CMF), 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) and levulinic acid by biphasic continuous flow processing
- Malte Brasholz
- Karin von Känel
- Christian H. Hornung
- Simon Saubern
- John Tsanaktsidis
- CSIRO Materials Science & Engineering, Victoria , AustraliaRead the publication that featured this abstract
Using a continuous flow reactor, the dehydration of D-fructose and other carbohydrates to 5-(chloromethyl)furfural (1) is achieved in reaction times as short as 60 s. The biphasic flow process allows for high-yielding multigram scale production of CMF (1) which is obtained with excellent purity after a simple extractive work-up. Efficient conversion of D-fructose into 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (2) and levulinic acid (6) is also demonstrated using flow reactor techniques.
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