[3+2] Dipolar cycloadditions of an unstabilised azomethine ylide under continuous flow conditions
- Mark Grafton
- Andrew C. Mansfield
- M. Jonathan
- Pfizer Global Research and Development, Sandwich, UKRead the publication that featured this abstract
The [3+2] dipolar cycloaddition reactions of the unstabilised azomethine ylide precursor benzyl(methoxymethyl)(trimethylsilylmethyl)amine with 12 electron-deficient alkenes in the presence of catalytic trifluoroacetic acid are examined under continuous flow conditions (20–100 °C, 10–60 min residence time). The more reactive and hazardous alkenes such as ethyl acrylate, N-methylmaleimide and (E)-2-nitrostyrene afford substituted N-benzylpyrrolidine products in 77–83% yields, whereas less reactive dipolarophiles such as (E)-crotononitrile and ethyl methacrylate give lower yields (59–63%). Under optimised conditions, the reaction with ethyl acrylate is scaled up to afford ethyl N-benzylpyrrolidine-3-carboxylate (30 g, 87%) in 1 h.
The Vapourtec R-Series is, quite simply, unrivalled for flow chemistry
- Flexible :
- Precise :
The R-Series is undoubtedly the most versatile, modular flow chemistry system available today.
The Vapourtec E-Series is the perfect introductory system for flow chemistry
- Robust :
- Easy to use :
The E-Series is a robust and affordable, entry level flow chemistry system designed for reliability and ease of use.