Protection‐Group‐Free Synthesis of Sequence‐Defined Macromolecules via Precision λ‐Orthogonal Photochemistry

    • Waldemar Konrad1,2
    • Christian Fengler1,2
    • Sarrah Putwa1
    • Christopher Barner-Kowollik1,2
    • 1Macromolecular Architectures, Institut für Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Engesserstr. 18, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
    • 2School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), 2 George Street, QLD, 4000 Brisbane, Australia

    An advanced light‐induced avenue to monodisperse sequence‐defined linear macromolecules via a unique photochemical protocol is presented that does not require any protection‐group chemistry. Starting from a symmetrical core unit, precision macromolecules with molecular weights up to 6257.10 g mol−1 are obtained via a two‐monomer system: a monomer unit carrying a pyrene functionalized visible light responsive tetrazole and a photo‐caged UV responsive diene, enabling an iterative approach for chain growth; and a monomer unit equipped with a carboxylic acid and a fumarate. Both light‐induced chain growth reactions are carried out in a λ‐orthogonal fashion, exciting the respective photosensitive group selectively and thus avoiding protecting chemistry. Characterization of each sequence‐defined chain (size‐exclusion chromatography (SEC), high‐resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI‐MS), and NMR spectroscopy), confirms the precision nature of the macromolecules.

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