Microfluidic synthesis of CsPbBr3/Cs4PbBr6 nanocrystals for inkjet printing of mini-LEDs

    • Zhen Baoa,1
    • Jian-Wen Luob,1
    • Yu-Sin Wangc
    • Ting-Chou Huc
    • Sung-Yu Tsaic
    • Yi-Ting Tsaid
    • Huang-Chia Wangd
    • Fu-Hsin Chend
    • Yu-Chun Leed
    • Tzong-Liang Tsaid
    • Ren-Jei Chungb
    • Ru-Shi Liua,e
    • aDepartment of Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
    • bDepartment of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei 106, Taiwan
    • cChina Glaze Co., Ltd., Hsinchu 310, Taiwan
    • dLextar Electronics Corporation, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan
    • eAdvanced Research Center of Green Materials Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan

    Zero-dimensional Cs4PbX6 (X = Cl, Br, I) perovskite material is recognized as a potential luminescent material and host owing to its excellent optical properties. However, the synthesis of large-scale CsPbBr3/Cs4PbBr6 complex nanocrystals (NCs) is difficult, and their application in mini- or micro-LEDs remains limited. Herein, we applied a microfluidic system for a simple, continuous, and stable synthesis of CsPbBr3/Cs4PbBr6 NCs. The CsPbBr3/Cs4PbBr6 complex NCs were obtained after the optimization of the Cs/Pb precursor ratio and alkaline environment, and their photoluminescent quantum yield is up to 86.9%. These as-synthesized CsPbBr3/Cs4PbBr6 NCs were used to produce a luminescent ink with the optimization of different solvents. This ink was successfully used to print large and high-resolution patterns, and fabricated mini-sized color-converted LED. The narrow green emission of the LED well obeyed the requirements of the Rec. 2020 standard, demonstrating the potential of this material in the inkjet printing applications of color-converted mini- or micro-LED arrays.

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