Continuous Flow Inter- and Intramolecular Macrolactonization under High Dilution Conditions

    • Dashrat Vishambar Sutara
    • Neha Uttamrao Saranga
    • Akash Bandu Jamdadea
    • Boopathy Gnanaprakasama
    • aDepartment of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Pune 411008, India

    An efficient continuous flow process for the macrolactonization of seco acids and diacids using diols in the presence of Mukaiyama reagent (N-methyl-2-chloropyridinium iodide) has been developed for medium to large sized macrocyclic lactones. In comparison with other methods, the continuous flow process provided good to high yield in a short reaction time. By using this methodology, a wide range of macrocyclic lactones (11 compounds), dilactones (15 compounds), and tetralactone derivatives (2 compounds) with various ring sizes (12–26 atoms in the core) were synthesized in just 35 min of residence time. Advantageously, macrolactonization under the flow process is very elegant to handle the high dilution of reactants with a defined perfluoroalkoxy alkanes (PFA) tube reactor volume (7 mL).

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