A Consolidated and Continuous Synthesis of Ciprofloxacin from a Vinylogous Cyclopropyl Amide

    • N. Perrer Tosso, Bimbisar K. Desai, Eliseu De Oliveira, Juekun Wen, John Tomlin, and B. Frank Gupton*
    • Department of Chemistry and Department of Chemical and Life Science Engineering, Virginia Commonwealth University, 601 West Main Street, Richmond, Virginia 23220, United States

    Ciprofloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is recognized as one of the World Health Organization’s Essential Medicines. It is particularly effective in the treatment of Gram-negative bacterial infections associated with urinary, respiratory, and gastrointestinal tract infections. A streamlined and high yielding continuous synthesis of ciprofloxacin has been developed, which employs a chemoselective C-acylation step that precludes the need for intermediate isolations, extractions, or purifications. The end-to-end process has a residence time of 4.7 min with a 15.8 g/h throughput at laboratory scale and an overall isolated yield of 83%.

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