An Overview on the Production of Biodiesel Enabled by Continuous Flow Methodologies

    • Claudia Carluccia
    • aCNR-Institute of Nanotechnology (CNR-NANOTEC), c/o Campus Ecotekne, Via Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy

    Biodiesel was produced via transesterification reaction catalyzed by acids, bases, enzymes or supercritical fluids. The catalysis was homogeneous or heterogeneous and the process could be carried out in batch or using a continuous flow process. Microreactors allowed us to obtain better control of the experimental variables, such as temperature, pressure and flow rate, carrying out the reactions in safe conditions, avoiding exothermic and dangerous processes. The synthetic methodologies in continuous flow, combined with other technologies as microwave irradiation or ultrasounds, led to complete automation of the process with an increase in efficiency, also applicable on an industrial scale.

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